Miroslav Kodym: CALLIGRAPHY - writing, picture or a message
Thoughts on the concepts of calligraphy in the Eastern countries and in Europe from the philosophical, psy-chological, aesthetic and genetic points of view inspired with Pascal Krieger┤s performance during the 4th Budo Festival (Prague, April 1998). P. Krieger is a European Shodo and Budo Master humbly completing the imagines of the Eastern artists. The importance of the personal presence at the calligraphy creation is empha-sized. Seven commandments of the contemporary Japanese calligraphy based on the catalogue of the exhibi-tion äCurrent Japanese calligraphy and painting" (Prague, 1987) bring this article to a close.
LudvÝk Michalov: MARTIAL ARTS AND SELECTED VIEWS
ON THE PROBLEMS OF AIKIDO TRAINING
The introductory article of the serialized methodology of the martial arts (especially Aikido) deals with the health aspects of sports training, namely the prevention and suppression of the organic and functional dis-orders of the muscular system of motion. It is giving description and survey of the postural and phasic musc-les, the substance of a muscle disbalance and its consequences. Furthermore it offers way of how to restore the muscle balance (relaxation).
Miroslav Kodym: BUGAKU, GAGAKU AND T╠B┘HGAKU
(Note: Týb¨hgaku is a play on words, mixing Czech and Japanese expressions, meaning of which is HELLO or DAMNEDGAKU.) The author is the head of a group of enthusiasts paraphrasing -this year for the third time already - the ancient Japanese musical and dramatic cultural traditions during Aikido Summer schools in ╚eskÚ Budýjovice. The group performed one-hour Non-Japanese theatre N╔ play in 1996, in 1997 one-hour musical composition of ╚EDAIKË group. This year they paraphrased the unique performance of GAGAKU music and BUGAKU dancers by which the author has been deeply impressed when seeing it in the Spanish hall of the Prague Castle before the Summer school. Some important facts related to this performance (Buddhism, Shintoism, Kagura, Gagaku, Bugaku) are attached.
Darja Kawasumi: FUNERAL IN ORDER TO REVIVE
A story from the story cycle written by the Czech author who has married a Japanese and spent several years of her life in Japan. This story draws on the experience gained when her husband's father has died.
TomßÜ Kyncl: GASSHUKU '98
Report on the international training course held in Polish Brenna in August 1998. Gasshuku is starting each new training season of the traditional karate since this year (it was closing it in the past). All participants highly appreciated their presence at the training course, even though so much expected Hiroshi Shirai Sensei, the 9th Dan, Director of the Technical Cabinet of the International Traditional Karate Federation (ITKF) could not take part in the training because of an injury. There were about 400 participants from Poland, the Ukraine, Germany, Austria, Lithuania and 14 from the Czech Republic present. A lecture on health and life protection started each day of the course. The trainings themselves lasted till the topics were exhausted. Sensei Kwieci˛-ski taught Kata Bassai-Sho and Kanku-Sho. A very interesting and high-quality championship of Poland appointing the Polish representatives for the forthcoming World ITKF Championship (PruÜkov by Warsaw, October 1998) closed this year Gasshuku.
Miroslav Kodym: TAKEN FROM THE AKP LIFE