Summary Aikidó 6/98

The Aikidó readers are used to meet Mrs. Kawasumi's stories based on her own experience of a twelve years' living in Japan. This time one part of her dissertation titled „Relation between the western Christian culture and the Japanese tea ceremony" has been published. It has been elaborated for the Far East and Japanology department of the Philosophical Faculty of the Charles University in Prague in 1998. Mrs. Kawasumi owns a Japanese restaurant in Prague called Miyabi. Since 1995 she invites her friends and guests to take part in tea ceremonies on the Miyabi tatami, so she is well-known as a keen popularizer and master of the tea ceremo-nies. Today's article displays in great details the course where the first phases of a tea ceremony emphasising the meaning and context of particular steps are explained. To be continued.

Miroslav Kodym: AIKIKAI, IAF, EAF AND THE CZECH REPUBLIC or speedily across the international Aiki policy
To grasp the principles of Aikido dissemination, policy and organisational structure means as for the author to accept the Japanese way of thinking and behaviour, to suppress the democratic feeling of the organisations. The article brings in a rather condensed form a digest of the short aikido history, dated since 1925 and con-nected with its founder Mr. Morihei Ueshiba and his descendants. The Japanese Ministry of Education recognised Aikido in 1940. Aikikai as the covering organisation has been established in Tokyo in 1948. A world integrating organisation IAF (International Aikido Federation) has been founded in 1974, the Euro-pean organisation - EAF appeared in 1975, but it has been acknowledged by the IAF letter as late as in 1986. The basic appointments of the EAF Statutes are mentioned in the article next. The 1st mention of the Czecho-slovak Aikikai as a provisional EAF member belongs to 1991. The Czech Aikikai, thanks also to its internal problems, is accepted as a regular EAF member by the Sophia Congress in 1995, backdated since 1994. The curious EAF policy resulted in a trial in the Netherlands and evoked an extraordinary congress in Frankfurt in 1997, where a reform continuing during the next extraordinary congresses (January and November 1998 in Prague), hold under an active CAA assistance, has been started.

The second part of the methodology deals with the stretching exercises, giving their basic principles that have to be complied with (position, speed, endurance, reflexes, respiration) and their kinds: passive, active and postisometric relaxation. A discourse on toning-up exercises, when weakened muscles increase their function by repeating contractions against a resistance. There are static toning-up exercises (without any movement) and dynamic ones (with the movements). The article is accompanied with basic biographic data about the author, who is a professional sportsman since 1979 when he graduated at the Charles University. He has been practising aikidó since 1990.

Dániel Deme: SLOVAK SUMMER SCHOOL 1998 and few impulses to reflect on
The author is a Hungarian born in Slovakia. He has moved to Prague after 1989 and nowadays he is studying the theological department of the Philosophical Faculty of the Charles University. He is an AKP member since 1991, in 1997 he passed the examination for the 1st Dan. This year's Slovak Aikido Summer School took place in Nové Zámky under M. Quaranta's leadership and had no organisational lacks. Hojo trainings - representing a different approach to aikido - took approx. 1/3 of the total time. Hojo is not taught in the Czech Republic at all, but made no greater problems for the Czech practitioners. The nub of the problem is to record the unique and unrepeated moment. Mr. Quaranta taught his pupils about the importance of learning their own gifts and limits, of making decisions without any hesitation and suspense - from a distance. The author holds this type of deciding for a non-European one and requests all to examine closely when accepting the ideologi-cal impulses from the East. The author highly appreciated M. Ikeda Shihan's lucky politics when choosing his assistants adequate to the different Czech and Slovak backgrounds.

Brief reminiscences of the author's 6 months stay in Scotland dealing especially with the weather affecting principally the atmosphere of the region for the foreigners. An experience with the Scotch aikido clubs is mentioned as well.

Miroslav Kodym: DATA ON CAA AND CFAI
Author's response to the permanent criticisms and invectives published against this journal's editors and CAA in general in the journal „Aikido not only Magazine". It is a CFAI bimonthly journal; its range is 24 A5 pages. As the financial funds and fees are the most frequent topic of the criticisms, this article brings a com-paring survey of the costs and fees of both Czech aikido organisations, namely for passing the examinations for the technical degrees (incl. minimal requirements), for national and international tutorials, annual fees and practising (incl. outfit) in two dojos - representatives of both organisations: Aikido Karlín (CFAI) and Aikido Kenkyukai Praha (CAA).

Periodical section:
Author's observations and glosses on: