Summary Aikidó 5/99

Miroslav Kodym: SEIZA (II)
The second part of the article continues in outlining the basic concepts: shisei (pose as well as attitude), zanshin (the state of vigilance, when all hampering thoughts are pushed out of man's mind), mecuke (concentration) and sei to do (union of action and standstill). Further the basic Japanese life pose - seiza, in aikido: sitting on one's knees is discussed in greater details: its meaning for the aikido practise, the methodol-ogy of sitting and standing up, which should be learnt as any other martial technique, the way of keeping the proper position, greeting in seiza position.

Daniel Chvála: CAA AIKIDO SUMMER SCHOOL ´99
Editor's more or less personal observations of the CAA Aikido Summer School held traditionally in Eeské Budijovice during the last and hot week of July. Chronological, organisational and factual description of the trainings lead by D. Vetter on the first day and by M. Ikeda Shihan, impressions gained both during the trainings and the breaks. D. Chvála appreciates the meaning of the Summer School for his aikido personality development. Besides this he mentions the accompanying program as well, e.g. Tonda's tearoom or the theatre performance Aiki-Kodjiki (see Aikido 4/99).

Darja Kawasumi: THE HISTORY OF TEA CEREMONY (I)
This is another part of the author's dissertation "Relation between the western Christian culture and the Japanese tea ceremony" elaborated in 1998. We got roughly acquainted with the phases of the tea ceremony and its spiritual value in Aikido 6/98, 1/99 and 2/99. The author this time clarifies the concepts connected with the tea ceremony (sado, chado, chanoju, teaism) and brings a historical survey of chado or chanoju since the first historical documents on tea from the Chinese Chan dynasty, over Lu Jü's classical book on tea promoting the tea drinking to a discipline of art, to the first historical tea references in Japan (the 9th century). Then a decline in tea drinking in Japan may be observed till the end of the 12th century, when a revival of cultural contacts between China and Japan arrived. Tea seeds have been imported to Japan, and the tea drink-ing became a part of Zen meditations. It has spread into the more secular and common environment later on in the 14th and 15th centuries.

Ladislav Kukačka: PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF SOME NEGATIVE SUBJECTIVE STATES IN THE COURSE OF AIKIDO TRAININGS
The author points out some negative subjective states which esp. untrained, tired or stressed trainees may meet during the introductory, warming up exercises. These states are caused by the not co-ordinated respiratory (increase of the breathing frequency while the respiratory volume and minute ventilation fall down) and blood-vessell (increase of the pulse frequency and the blood pressure) systems distributing oxygen through the organism. The critical state is called the dead point, when one overcomes it he reaches a harmonic state called the second breath. Further subjective negative states may be caused by the digestive system. Too much or unsuitable food before the training causes pressure in the stomach area (even vomiting), over-blooded liver or spleen (more rarely) under pressure may provoke pain, stitch, under the ribs.

Ivan Fojtík: THE SPIRIT OF BUDO
M. Kodym reviewed the above stated book published by Votobia publishing house Olomouc in 1999. The title based on profound study of many literary, mainly foreign, sources gives a detailed survey of the budo concept, emphasising its spiritual consequences. The Spirit of Budo by I. Fojtík can be, according to the published opinions, recommended to everyone dealing with the budo or Eastern culture.
AN EDITORIAL NOTE, recapitulating 5 years of the journal editing completes this Aikido issue. Today's number of copies makes 400, of which about 200 are sold (not many when compared with 2000 aikido trainees). This year edition is enabled thanks to the CAA financial contribution. Besides that all authors publish for free. All readers are appreciated for their favour. The editors are awaiting suggestions and obser-vations for further work.

Periodical section:
Miroslav Kodym: TAKEN FROM THE AKP LIFE
Author's observations and glosses this time on: 2nd Summer Aikido Tutorial lead by M. Jaccoud and M. Kodym in Mnichovo Hradišti, Jul 16-18; International Summer School '99 in Saignelegier lead by H. Tada, Jul 11-17, and M. Ikeda, Jul 18-24; 5th CAA Summer School lead by M. Ikeda Shihan in Eeské Budijovice, Jul 25-31; Summer Aikido Tutorial in Jetitice organised by AC Novazem Písek, P. Václavík and K. Slapnieka, Aug 22-29; Regional CAA Tutorial organised by AC Bystoice pod Hostýnem, lead by M. Kodym, Sep 11-12; Aikido Demonstration during the SPORTPROPAG Fair in Prague, Strahov, Sep 18; National CAA Tutorial lead by D. Vetter in Poerov, Sep 25-26; National CAA Tutorial lead by G. Mezzo, TJ Spoje, Oct 16-17.